- Reviewed: 27 April 2017, 11:38 NZST
- Still current at: 26 May 2017
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There is extreme risk to your security in the Governorate of North Sinai, including the Suez-Taba road, due to the threat of terrorism, kidnapping and the presence of armed groups and we advise against all travel.
There is extreme risk to your security within 50 kilometres of the border with Libya (with the exception of Siwa Oasis) due to the threat of terrorism, kidnapping and the presence of armed groups and we advise against all travel to this area.
There is high risk to your security elsewhere in Egypt, including Siwa Oasis, due to the unpredictable political situation, civil unrest and threat of terrorism and kidnapping and we advise against all tourist and other non-essential travel.View Larger Map Close/Open map
State of Emergency
Following attacks on Coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria on 9 April 2017, Egypt authorities declared a three month state of emergency to allow for additional security measures to be implemented.
New Zealanders currently in Egypt are advised to follow the instructions of local authorities, including any restrictions on movement. In light of these recent terrorist attacks, you should avoid all locations and festivals of religious significance.
There is an ongoing threat of terrorism throughout Egypt, including in Cairo. We continue to receive reports that terrorist groups are planning attacks in Egypt, including to specifically target tourists and tourist areas.
There have been a number of recent attacks targeting tourists and areas frequented by tourists in Egypt:
- On 9 April 2017, explosions occurred in St George’s (Mar Girgis) Church in Tanta and outside St Mark’s Church in Alexandria during Palm Sunday services, killing at least 44 people and injuring more than 100 others.
- On 11 December 2016, an explosion near St Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Cairo killed 25 people and injured many more.
- On 9 December 2016, an explosion near the pyramids in Giza killed six police officers. This was the latest in a number of attacks against police near the pyramids.
- On 8 January 2016, three tourists were injured in an attack at a hotel in Hurghada.
Small explosions and firearms attacks, which sometimes result in death and injury, continue to occur frequently in Cairo, Alexandria and other parts of Egypt. Targets include police and security forces, however there is the potential for bystanders to be affected. Explosions and attacks have also targeted government buildings and infrastructure, metro stations, universities and, more recently, Western and other foreign commercial interests. Further incidents are likely.
Terrorist attacks could occur at anytime, anywhere in Egypt and may also be directed at locations known to be frequented by foreigners such as embassies, hotels, bars, restaurants, resort areas, markets, airports, shopping areas, tourist sites, public transport facilities and places of worship.
New Zealanders throughout Egypt are advised to exercise a high degree of vigilance at all times and keep themselves informed of potential risks to safety and security by monitoring the media and other local information sources. We recommend following the advice of local authorities and avoiding tourist areas such as Luxor, Giza, Aswan, Southern Sinai and any other areas frequented by tourists.
North Sinai Governorate (Extreme risk)
There is a significant threat from terrorism in the North Sinai Governorate. Most attacks have in the past targeted government facilities and security forces. Attacks regularly occur, including in and near al-Arish, Sheik Zuweid and Rafah, some of which have killed large numbers of Egyptian soldiers. The government has declared a state of emergency and curfew in the area.
Central and South Sinai Governorate
While attacks are less frequent than in the North Sinai region, extremist groups have shown the capability and intent to carry out attacks in the Central and South Sinai regions, including in the Sharm el-Sheikh resort area. Increased security measures are in place to protect tourist areas in Sharm el-Sheikh, however, the region remains an attractive target for terrorists.
On 31 October 2015, a Russian charter flight from Sharm el Sheikh to St Petersburg, Russia, crashed in North Sinai. A local branch of the terrorist group ISIL claimed responsibility. Airlines flying into Egypt have been reviewing security arrangements and Russian airlines are no longer flying to Egypt, while the airlines of a number of countries, including the UK, have ceased flights to and from Sharm el Sheikh. You should contact your airline directly if you have concerns about the safety of airline travel in Egypt.
New Zealanders in Egypt are strongly advised to avoid any protests and large public gatherings in Egypt. In the past these activities have led to violence resulting in deaths and injuries, sometimes with little warning. Protests often occur after Friday prayers and on anniversaries of important dates.
You should exercise a high degree of security awareness in public places, including when visiting sites of religious significance, monitor the media for any developments that may affect personal safety and security and adhere to any instructions issued by the local authorities.
There is a threat of kidnapping throughout Egypt. The threat is highest in the Sinai Peninsula, where foreigners could be targeted to draw attention to local grievances. There have been a number of kidnappings reported in the Governorate of South Sinai, especially along the road to Mount Sinai and St Catherine’s Monastery.
A threat of kidnapping also exists elsewhere in Egypt and Westerners could be deliberately targeted. Travelling on roads between cities and at times when roads are less busy increases vulnerability. In July 2015, a Croatian national was kidnapped west of Cairo and subsequently killed for an extremist propaganda video.
There has been an overall increase in crime in Egypt, including violent crime. There have been reports of taxi drivers mugging passengers, including foreigners. Reports of sexual harassment and assault against women are common.
We advise against travelling by road outside major urban centres at night because of the increased risk of traffic accidents and ongoing security concerns, including banditry and carjacking.
We strongly advise against travel to the Gaza strip because of the extremely dangerous and unpredictable security situation. Restrictions and rules on access to the Rafah border crossing are subject to change at short notice.
New Zealanders considering travel to Gaza should read the travel advisory for Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories and contact the nearest Egyptian Embassy for the latest information on border crossing requirements.
You are required to obtain permission from the Egyptian authorities to enter and exit the Gaza Strip using the Rafah border crossing. People who enter the Gaza Strip through this crossing must leave the same way. You may be delayed in the Gaza Strip for an extended period (possibly weeks) while waiting for approval to return. The New Zealand Government cannot influence or hasten the granting of approval.
You should be aware that the ability of the New Zealand Government to provide consular services to New Zealanders in Gaza is extremely limited.
There are landmines in some desert and coastal areas, notably in the desert areas around El Alamein, along the coast near Mersa Matruh, the Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea coast south of Suez. Travellers should seek advice from local authorities on landmine locations if intending to venture off well marked roads.
Piracy is a significant problem in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Mariners are advised to take appropriate precautionary measures. For more information see the International Maritime Bureau's piracy reporting centre.
General travel advice
New Zealanders are advised to respect religious and social traditions in Egypt to avoid offending local sensitivities. Modesty and discretion should be exercised in both dress and behaviour. Encouraging religious conversion or proselytising is illegal. Homosexuality and sexual relations outside marriage is considered immoral in Egypt and foreigners have been arrested and convicted of ‘debauchery’ in the past.
Photography of military or police personnel and buildings is prohibited, this includes the Suez Canal.
New Zealanders travelling or living in Egypt should have a comprehensive travel insurance policy in place that includes provision for medical evacuation by air.
New Zealanders in Egypt are strongly encouraged to register their details with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
The New Zealand Embassy Cairo, Egypt
Street Address 8th floor, North Tower, Nile City building, Corniche El Nil, Ramlet Beaulac, Cairo, Egypt Telephone +202 2461 6000 Fax +202 2461 6099 Email firstname.lastname@example.org Web Site http://www.mfat.govt.nz/egypt Hours Sun-Thur 0900-1500 hrs Note In an emergency or if you require urgent assistance, please call the Embassy on +202 2461 6000. Outside of business hours you will be redirected to an after-hours duty service.
See our regional advice for Africa
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New Zealand Embassy Egypt
8th floor, North Tower, Nile City building, Corniche El Nil, Ramlet Beaulac, Cairo, Egypt
Telephone: +202 2461 6000
Fax: +202 2461 6099
Hours: Sun-Thur 0900-1500 hrs